If you love plants and decide to have a garden at home, you will surely wonder what are the best options to grow, always taking into account the space you have and the characteristics of the climate of your residence.
Holly: care and characteristics
Holly is a popular medium shrub commonly seen in homes around Christmas. The most characteristic feature of holly is its oval and ragged leaves, as they have a bright green color that is impossible to ignore. In addition, its fruit, when ripe, acquires an intense red color that is very visible during winter.
This shrub thrives in mountainous climates, so it resists winter frosts without problems. In the same way, you should make sure that it never receives a lot of direct sunlight and that it has a good amount of water and moist soil.
Oleander: care and characteristics
This evergreen shrub is an outdoor plant resistant to cold and heat, very popular in orchards and gardens for its rapid development and colorful appearance. Although the plant is extremely toxic for human consumption, its cultivation does not represent risks for our home.
On the contrary, the species is ideal for ornamental use, as it only requires frequent pruning of dry branches and leaves, moderate watering, and well-drained soils to survive.
Bougainvillea: care and characteristics
If you are a lover of vines, bougainvillea should not be missing in your garden. This cold and heat resistant outdoor plant can exceed 10 meters in height, climbing walls and walls by clinging with the spikes of its branches to other nearby plants.
The bush stays green and radiant during the rainy months, so it is important to water it about three times a day in summer. On the other hand, although it is a resistant plant, bougainvillea grows much better when grown in a sunny location.
Cyclamen: care and characteristics
Cyclamen is a permanent heat sensitive plant, but it requires places with good sunlight for its conservation. For this reason, the ideal is to cultivate it in cool and ventilated areas, where they do not receive direct sunlight but are not continuously in the shade.
In winter, if it is not exposed to strong frosts, the cyclamen blooms and shows pink flowers, as well as a small capsule-shaped fruit. For its development it requires moderate watering and a soil rich in mineral substrates, humid and with excellent drainage.
Plum: care and characteristics
Another of the best cold and heat resistant outdoor plants is the plum, a fruit tree whose drupe is well known for its pleasant flavor. The tree grows between 5 and 10 meters in tropical and temperate climates, with the end of summer being the moment when its fruits reach maturity.
The tree withstands winter cold without problems, although it is sensitive to freezing below zero. If you live in a temperate zone, be sure to offer abundant waterings and to prune them when necessary.
Carnation: care and characteristics
This herbaceous plant is known for its beautiful flowers, the color and fragrance of which fill gardens and gardens with beauty almost all year round.
Eugenia: care and characteristics
Eugenia is an endemic plant to South America and Africa that, while native to hot, tropical climates, is also resistant to cold.
This small shrub reaches an average height of 3 to 5 meters and is very easy to care for, since it only has to be watered every 1-2 days in summer and notably less during the rest of the year. Make sure to prune the shrub in late winter and get a good compost that you can use every 15 days to make it grow more beautiful.
Fotinia: care and characteristics
This evergreen shrub is another great cold and heat resistant outdoor plant that, while native to Asia, can survive in tropical climates without any problems.
Photinia requires sowing in full sun, as well as moderate waterings (twice a week) and soils with excellent drainage. However, photinia does not withstand extreme heat, as it is very sensitive to temperatures above 30 ° C. In hot areas, it should be kept in a cool place, where it is only exposed to the sun in the morning.
Jasmine: care and characteristics
Jasmine is a type of small deciduous shrub resistant to cold and heat; It is a very popular choice as an ornamental plant, due to its beautiful white flower. This flower is highly prized in cosmetology due to its exquisite fragrance and its relaxing and stimulating properties.
The plant grows best in hot climates and is sensitive to extreme frost, although many species are well adapted to winter weather. For their cultivation, they need spaces in full sun but protected from strong winds. During the summer it is necessary to water them every day
medium, with soils and pots free of waterlogging.
Lavender: care and characteristics
Lavender, a plant famous for its flavoring properties, grows in vertical clusters that require continuous pruning to avoid deforming the plant.
Blue lily: care and characteristics
Also known as the common lily, this is another of the great outdoor plants resistant to cold and heat, as it can live without problems in warm areas at sea level and in cold places located at altitudes of up to 2500 m.s.n.m.
Palmera excelsa: care and characteristics
The excelsa palm is an outdoor plant that is highly resistant to cold and heat, ideal for ornamental crops. Thanks to its trunk, the palm tree is resistant to strong winter frosts, so you can plant it in practically any temperate or mountainous climate.
This palm tree needs full sunlight for its development, as well as large outdoor spaces, which is why it is not considered a suitable plant to plant indoors. This plant of Mediterranean origin produces small bluish fruits, similar to peas, but not edible.